CHAPTER 2 The Tale of Two Americas “I love America more than any other country in this world, and, exactly for this reason, I insist on the right to criticize her perpetually.” —James Baldwin, 1955 “American history is longer, larger, more various, more beautiful, and more terrible than anything anyone has ever said about it.” —James Baldwin, “A Talk to Teachers,” 1963 CHAPTER 3 Not All Violence Is the Same:Race- and Place-Based Violence “If you are attempting to study American history, and you don’t understand the force of White supremacy, you fundamentally misunderstand America.” —Ta-Nehisi Coates, 2017 “By slow violence I mean a violence that occurs gradually and out of sight, a violence of delayed destruction that is dispersed across time and space, an attritional violence that is typically not viewed as violence at all.” —Rob Nixon, 2011 CHAPTER 4 The Road to Concentrated Poverty and Neighborhood Violence “Slavery has never been abolished from America’s way of thinking.” —Nina Simone “Like slavery and apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings.” —Nelson Mandela CHAPTER 5 The Scars of Violence “My [American] dream is to graduate from high school and move to the safer side of Cottage Grove and marry my girlfriend.” —Jesse, age 16 “Nobody can ‘treat’ a war or abuse, rape, molestation, or any other horrendous event, for that matter; what has happened cannot be undone. But what can be dealt with are the imprints of the trauma on body, mind, and soul: the crushing sensations in your chest that you may label as anxiety or depression; the fear of losing control; always being on alert for danger or rejection; the self-loathing; the nightmares and flashbacks; the fog that keeps you from staying on task and from engaging fully in what you are doing; being unable to fully open your heart to another human being.” —Bessel van der Kolk[i](2015)
CHAPTER 6 When Violence and Sex Are Entangled “[In America,] whose little boy are you?” —James Baldwin “My son has a girlfriend, and they spend a lot of time at the house when I am at work. I know they are having sex, but at least he is safe, and not being shot." —Mother, age 49
CHAPTER 7 Living and Parenting in the Presence of Everyday Dangers "In America, they are building graves for us to go down into. We already have an X on our backs, but I would prove them wrong." —Malcolm (age 14) “Every parent wants to see their child grow up…no parent should have to live through the murder of their child.” CHAPTER 8 Joining the Broken Pieces: Practice and Policy Solutions and Systems Integration “America’s health care system is neither healthy, caring, nor a system.” —Walter Cronkite
CHAPTER 9 Making a Difference—Rebuilding the Village “Human progress is neither automatic nor inevitable... Every step toward the goal of justice [in America] requires sacrifice, suffering, and struggle; the tireless exertions and passionate concern of dedicated individuals.” —Martin Luther King Jr.